The Red Shirts were the white response to (and cause of) racial unrest that took place in the Wilmington area in 1898. In this picture, George McKay and Graham McCallum, both life-long residents of the Philadelphus community in Robeson County, wear their "Red Shirt uniforms." Until the discovery of this photograph in the McKay-Edgerton Collection, there was doubt that the movement extended as far north as Robeson County. It should be noted also that a history of the Lumber Bridge area, written about 1970, describes Red Shirt activity that took place in that part of Robeson a few miles farther north.
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